Other well known city landmarks are the taj mahal hotel oval maidan cuffe parade horniman circle and flora fountain. As a major textile and fashion center mumbai is known for its fabrics and clothes. Other important educational and research institutions include sndt women s university the indian institute of technology itt mumbai the bhabha atomic research center barc the tata institute of fundamental research tifr and the national center for software technology ncst . Major health problems in the city include aids tuberculosis malaria chronic respiratory ailments and gastro intestinal diseases related to poor sanitation and hygiene.
This led eventually to the separation of gujarati speaking areas from mumbai state and the creation of maharashtra state 1960 . Bandra and juhu beach are prosperous residential areas just north of the mahim causeway. The city was an important center in india s struggle for independence from british colonial rule. Public safety the mumbai police force some 40 000 strong is administered by the state government.
Mumbai s economic success however and its burgeonong population have created their own problems. As a result of mumbai s size and high growth rate urban sprawl traffic congestion inadequate sanitation and pollution pose serious threats to the quality of life in the city. Airports mumbai s sahar international airport recently renamed the chhatrapati shivaji maharaj international airport on salsette island handles almost two thirds of india s international air traffic.Breathing mumbai s air has been likened to smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day free dating club in mumbai.
The nearby kanheri caves a complex of buddhist caves dating to the second century are a popular destination.